Here are some simple detailed steps to make compost:
- Choose a location: Find a suitable location for your compost pile or bin. It should be in a spot that receives some sun and rain, but not too much of either.
- Choose a container: You can use a compost bin or build your own with wire fencing, wood pallets, or other materials. Make sure it has a lid to keep animals out.
Other container ideas:
- Add materials: Add a mixture of brown and green materials. Brown materials include dry leaves, twigs, and straw, while green materials include grass clippings, kitchen scraps, and fresh plant matter. Aim for a ratio of roughly 3 parts brown to 1 part green.
- Keep it moist: Composting requires moisture to work properly, so make sure to keep your compost pile or bin moist. If it gets too dry, add water.
- Turn the pile: Every few weeks, use a pitchfork or garden fork to turn the compost pile. This helps aerate the compost and promotes faster decomposition.
- Wait for it to decompose: Depending on the materials and conditions, it can take several weeks to several months for your compost to fully decompose. Once it’s ready, it will be dark, crumbly, and have a pleasant earthy smell.
- Use your compost: Use your compost in your garden or lawn to improve soil health, retain moisture, and provide nutrients to your plants.
Composting is a simple and effective way to reduce waste, improve soil health, and grow healthy plants. By following these steps, you can make your own compost at home with minimal effort and cost.